Agrippa's Magic Squares

About Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa

Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa (1486-1535) was a German magician, occult writer, theologian, astrologer and alchemist. In his famous sayings, he emphasized: "All things which are similar and therefore connected, are drawn to each other's power." This is known as the law of resonance.

In his De occulta philosophia libri tres (Three Books Concerning Occult Philosophy), Agrippa joined the seven known planets with seven Magic Squares. In it he expounded on the magical virtues of seven magical squares of orders 3 to 9, each associated with one of the astrological planets. This book was very influential throughout Europe until the counter-reformation or Catholic Reformation, and Agrippa's magic squares, sometimes called Kameas, continue to be used within modern ceremonial magic in much the same way as he first prescribed.


Man inscribed in a pentagram, from Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa's Libri tres de occulta philosophia. The signs on the perimeter are astrological.

The set of squares are used as Astrological Talismans & Amulets. The three books deal with Elemental, Celestial and Intellectual magic. The books outline the four elements, astrology, kabbalah, numbers, angels, God's names, ... De occulta philosophia libri tres helped perpetuate the belief in modern popular culture that the Knights Templar practiced witchcraft. Agrippa's Libri was written two centuries after the arrest and dissolution of the Templar brotherhood in October 1307 AD.

All images here below by Pivari Fabrizio

Saturn Magic Square

Saturn Square is of order 3 and uses all the numbers from 1 to 9. The magic constant is 15 and the sum of all the numbers of the square is 45. 15 and 45 are triangular numbers. The colours are: white for the numbers and black for the background. The metal of Saturn is lead.


Saturn Magic Square

Jupiter Magic Square

Jupiter Square is of order 4 and uses all the numbers from 1 to 16. The magic constant is 34 [2 x 17 = 34] the product of 2, the first female number (even are female, odd, without 1 are male) and 17 a male prime number. The sum of all the numbers of the square 136. 136 is strangely bound to 244. 13+33+63=244 and 23+43+43=136 The colours are: orange-bronze for the numbers and blue for the background. The metal of Jupiter is tin.


Jupiter Magic Square

Mars Magic Square

Mars Square is of order 5 and uses all the numbers from 1 to 25. The magic constant is 65, the second number equal to the sum of 2 squares 1 + 82 and 42 + 72 and product of 5 and 13, two important numbers. The sum of all the numbers of the square is 325, the smallest number sum of 2 squares in three different mode: 1 + 182, 62 + 172, 102 + 152. The colours are: green for the numbers and red for the background. The metal of Mars is iron.


Mars Magic Square

Sun Magic Square

Agrippa says that the table of the Sun, is a 6 x 6 square with thirty six numbers. Sun Square is of order 6 and uses all the numbers from 1 to 36. Each vertical, diagonal or horizontal row adds up to 111 and the sum of all the numbers in the square is 666, the number of the Beast in the Apocalypse. The colours are: purple or magenta for the numbers and yellow for the background. The metal of the Sun is gold.


Sun Magic Square
Beastly Magic Square

Another Beastly Magic Square

This order-6 magic square is constructed from the first 36 multiples of 6, and has a magic sum of 666.

661087817421624
96847220430180
906010219816848
1201621321254186
1501381264219218
144114156366210

Harvey D. Heinz received this beastly square from Patrick De Geest on Dec. 7, 1998.

This square contains many hidden 3-digit palindromes.
The top left 3 by 3 square is magic with S = 252.
The bottom left 3 by 3 square is magic with S = 414.
The 3 row of 3 cells in top right corner sum to 414.
The 3 row of 3 cells in bottom right corner sum to 252.
The corners of the 3 squares working from the outside to the center, each sum to 444.
The 6 by 6 border cells sum to 2220 which equals 666 + 888 + 666.
The border cells of the central 4 by 4 square sum to 1332 which equals 666 + 666.
The top half of the right-hand column sums to 252 and the bottom half to 414.
The top half of the column next to it sums to 414 and the bottom half to 252.
By dividing each number in the magic square by 6, a new magic square is obtained, with S = 111.
What other features still await discovery?

Venus Magic Square

Venus Square is of order 7 and uses all the numbers from 1 to 49. The magic constant is 175 equal 1 + 72 + 52. The sum of all the numbers of the square is 1225 = 352 is also triangular. The colours are: lemon yellow for the numbers and dark green for the background. The metal of Venus is bronze.


Venus Magic Square

Mercury Magic Square

Mercury Square is of order 8 and uses all the numbers from 1 to 64. The magic constant is 260, the sum of all the numbers of the square is 2080. The colours are: clear blue for the numbers and orange-bronze for the background. The metal of Mercury is mercury.


Mercury Magic Square

Moon Magic Square

Moon Square is of order 9 and uses all the numbers from 1 to 81. The magic constant is 369, formed by 3x1, 3x2, 3x3. The sum of all the numbers of the square is 3321. The colours are opposite Sun colours: yellow for numbers and purple or magenta for the background. The metal of Moon is silver.


Moon Magic Square

REFERENCES

Modern editions of Agrippa's works Further reading